Art History > Medieval General Characteristics

Early Medieval Art in the West (Chapter 16)

16-2 Purse cover  
16-3 Animal-head post  
16-6 Cross and carpet page (folio 26 verso of the Lindisfarne Gospels)  
16-7 Saint Matthew (folio 25 verso of the Lindisfarne Gospels)  
16-8 Chi-rho-iota page (folio 34 recto of the Book of Kells)  
16-11 Equestrian portrait of Charlemagne (or Charles the Bald)  
16-12 Saint Matthew (folio 15 recto of the Coronation Gospels)  
16-13 Saint Matthew (folio 18 verso of the Ebbo Gospels)  
  16-16 Restored plan of the Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne  
16-17 Interior of the Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne  
  16-19 Schematic plan for a monastery at Saint Gall  
16-22 Saint Michael's  
16-23 Longitudinal section (top) and plan (bottom) of the abbey church of Saint Michael's  
16-24 Doors with relief panals (Genesis, left door; life of Christ, right door)  
16-25 Column with reliefs illustrating the life of Christ  
16-26 Crucifix commissioned by Archbishop Gero for Cologne Cathedral  
16-28 Annunciation to the Shepherds (folio in the Lectionary of Henry 2)  
16-29 Otto 3 enthroned (folio 24 recto of the Gospel Book of Otto 3)  

Romanesque Art

  17-1 Interior of Saint-Etienne  
  17-2 Plan of Saint-Etienne  
17-4 Aerial view of Saint Sernin  
  17-5 Plan of Saint-Sernin  
17-6 Interior of Saint-Sernin  
17-9 Interior of Speyer Cathedral  
17-10 Aerial view of Sant'Ambrogio  
17-11 Interior of Sant'Ambrogio  
17-12 West facade of Saint-Etienne  
17-14 Plan of Saint-Etienne  
17-15 Interior of Durham Cathedral  
  17-16 Lateral section (top) and plan (bottom) of Durham Cathedral  
17-17 Cathedral complex  
17-22 Wiligelmo
Creation and temptation of Adam and Eve
17-23 South portal of Saint-Pierre  
17-25 Gislebertus
Last Judgment
17-26 Ascension of Christ and Mission of the Apostles  
17-30 Virgin and Child (Morgan Madonna)  
17-31 Head reliquary of Saint Alexander  
17-38 Eadwine the Scribe(?)
Eadwine the Scribe at work (folio 283 verso of the Eadwine Psalter)
  17-39 Funeral procession to Westminister Abbey  
17-40 Battle of Hastings  

Period General Characteristics        
Hiberno-Saxon Interlace patterns, Imaginary animals, Appear on small portable objects, usually with a practical purpose        
Carolingian Evidence of Classical Illusionism: modeling, landscape background, attempts at perspective
Expressionism:  energetic lines, emphasis on expression of inner emotional state
Ottonian Stylized figures with big eyes,
completely linear and flat, "too many peopleism", hieratic scale, composition: central, frontal, symmetrical,
Romanesque Sculpture: attached to churches, completely dependent on the architecture; sytlized & elongated.

Architecture: Use of the Roman arch and barrel vault, larger churches built to accommodate pilgrimages: second aisle, ambulatory, radiating chapels; Stone barrel vaults replace flammable wooden roofs, cause walls to be thicker, w/smaller windows so are darker
Gothic Sculpture: Increasingly less stylized and more naturalistic