Marzano's High Yield Strategies

Similarities and Differences

Enhance students' understanding of and ability to use knowledge.

45 percent gain

Summarizing and Notetaking

Provide students with tools for identifying and understanding the most important aspects of what they are learning

34 percent gain

Reinforcing effort and
providing recognition

Teach that hard work leads to success; stimulates motivation and enhances achievement

29 percent gain

Homework and Practice

Extend the school day and provides students with opportunities to refine and extend their knowledge.

28 percent gain

Nonlinguistic representations

Help students understand content in a new way.  These can range from graphic organizers to physical knowledge

27 percent gain

Cooperative Learning

Develop positive interdependence, accountability, interpersonal skills and small-group skills and group processing

27 percent gain

Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback

Establish a direction for learning and students personalize instructional objectives.  Providing frequent feedback that is corrective in nature positively impacts student achievement.

23 percent gain

Generating and Testing Hypotheses

Involve the application of knowledge and has practical applications in all curriculum areas: systems analysis, problem solving and historical investigations are three examples.

23 percent gain

Cues, Questions and Advance Organizers

Help activate prior knowledge, stimulate analytical thinking and promote deeper learning.

22 percent gain


Information from Classroom Instruction that Works, Marzano, Pickering and Pollock, 2001.